ESTA Glossary

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An embassy is a diplomatic representation from one country to another. The official buildings where the diplomatic activities take place are associated by extension. Its mission is to maintain diplomatic relations with the country in which it is located and to help expatriates if necessary.

Consulate :

A consulate is the service of a country dealing with expatriate relations in the state where it operates. It is responsible for registering and assisting nationals while respecting local laws. He takes charge of the town hall functions and can issue civil status documents (identity card, passport, etc.). He is also responsible for organizing the elections.

Department of Homeland Security:

The Department of Homeland Security is a department of the US administration responsible for ensuring security in the United States. It is a reorganization of the 22 federal agencies related to the security of the country in response to the attacks of 11 September 2001. It is this department that deals with the acceptance of ESTA requests.

United States Department of State:

The Department of States is the department in charge of international relations, the equivalent of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs in France. From its collaboration with the Department of Homeland Security was born the VISA Exemption Program, continuing today a watch to allow to evolve this program according to relations between the United States and foreign countries.


The United States Customs and Border Protection is an agency of the US Department of Homeland Security. Its main mission is to fight the infiltration of terrorists into the territory, the introduction of weapons, drugs, contraband or unauthorized products or illegal immigration.

Customs Declaration Form 6059B:

Customs declaration form 6059B, sometimes referred to as blue form 6059B, is a document that you will be asked to complete during your flight. In addition to the classic fields asking you to enter name, surname, age, etc., you will be asked to declare the type of products and business you are carrying.

ESTA form:

The Electronic System for Travel Authorization ESTA form is part of the Visa Waiver Program. Set up in 2008, it becomes mandatory in 2009 for eligible people. It allows US authorities to filter whether or not to authorize travel to the United States.

Biometric passport :

The biometric passport is a modern passport designed to be difficult to falsify and to better secure the data. It contains for this purpose an electronic chip where the digitized biometric information of the person concerned is stored (fingerprints, facial photos, etc.). It replaces the ePassport.

Electronic passport:

The ePassport is an optical reading passport. Established since the 2000s, it allows a better security of the data and makes the creation of false passport much more complicated. Like a traditional passport, it contains on an electronic chip information specific to a person such as the color of his eyes, his size or his nationality.

United States Diplomatic Security Service:

The United States Diplomatic Security Service is the security service of the United States Department of State. It ensures the protection of the site of the State Department and diplomatic and consular missions abroad. He is also in charge of protecting American diplomats outside the country and foreign representatives visiting US soil.

Filing fee:

For any submission of an ESTA form, a minimum commission of $ 14 will be required. This file filing fee thus makes it possible to finance the services in charge of controlling applications but also tourism in the USA as a whole. As a result, $ 4 goes to the audit structures and the remaining $ 10 goes to the tourism industry.


A Visa is an official document issued by the competent authority of a country. Everyone must obtain it and present it in order to be allowed to enter a state of which it is not a national.

Visa B1:

As ESTA is not a Visa, there are other authorizations to travel to the United States for a business stay of more than 90 days. The US Business visa (B1) is therefore essential if you want to leave for a business trip such as:

Visa B2:

The tourist visa USA (B2) is intended for people wishing to travel to the US and not fulfilling the conditions of an ESTA authorization. You must apply if you have to travel for tourist or medical reasons.

Visa K:

Visa K is a special visa for people wishing to enter the United States and whose fiance is a US citizen. This requires having planned to get married within 90 days after the issuance of the Visa and prove to have met during the last two years.

Visa Waiver Program:

The Visa Waiver Program (VWP), is a program put in place by the US Government. It aims to facilitate the process by dispensing a VISA for citizens of the countries participating in the program who wish to travel to the United States for a short stay.